Meantime you should also see whether you have symptoms like fever and cough because only shortness of breath in absence of cough and fever could indicate another problem which could also be life-threatening – for instance, heart attack.
The other mode of transmission of coronavirus is by contacting or touching contaminated surfaces. If a person touches any surface or object that has coronavirus on it and then touches his or her nose, mouth and eyes, they can get infected by COVID-19.
Whatever may be the case, as we get more inputs and insights through research, we will learn more about coronavirus. Until we learn more about it, we should, as a top priority, clean all frequently touched surfaces including, elevator switches, gates handles, door handles, doorknobs, counters, tables, tabletops, telephones, cell phones, laptops, tablets, keyboards, bathroom fixers, faucets, taps, sinks, washbasins, keys, keychains, laptop bags, hand bags, etc.
If you see a visibly dirty surface, first clean it with detergent and water and then use a liquid disinfectant to clean the surface.
Don’t directly bring any items from outside without sanitizing them. Every time when you touch something or any surface or any stuff or item – wash your hands with soap and water for about 25 to 30 seconds to completely kill the virus from your hands.
When you look at the total number of cases reported throughout the world and fatality rate, it seems to be low (total number of deaths appear to be low). However, the risk of death among those who are infected is more. When you compare the total number of deaths caused by influenza during this flu season in the US and the rest of the world with the coronavirus deaths, then deaths caused by flu are higher in numbers.
In this scenario, the risk of severe and complicated infection, life-threatening infection, secondary infection and deaths due to complications depend on the age, overall health and other underlying health conditions including heart disease, lung disease, diabetes, immunodeficiency diseases and cancer. Young adults and children appear to be at low risk compared to the elderly and individuals with underlying health conditions.
Coronavirus causes severe respiratory tract infection as it is known to spread through airborne droplets (upper respiratory secretions) when someone with infection coughs and sneezes. Therefore, infection could possibly spread through food handled by an infected person who has not washed their hands. COVID-19 virus has also been detected in faeces of infected persons; hence, the possibility of the virus being spread through food cannot be ruled out at this moment. Cooked and hot food kills the virus, but the risk of infection increased by eating raw foods, uncooked foods – such as sandwiches and salads.
At present there are no definitive answers for the loss of smell associated with COVID-19. The studies related to anosmia are being going on to know more about the anosmia in people infected with coronavirus disease and to get more clear answers in this regard. Still, more definitive questions pertaining to loss of smell caused by COVID-19 need to be answered including how it is different from the one caused by allergies, other viruses and other causes.
• Performs Coronary angiogram (coronary angiography)
• Opens up a narrowed or blocked segment of a coronary artery by performing a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stenting (coronary angioplasty)
• Checks the pressure of heart chambers
• Assesses Heart Chambers’ pumping ability.
• Measures oxygen content in the four chambers of the heart from the blood samples taken out
• Looks for defects in the valves or chambers of the heart.
Angioplasty is done as an emergency procedure during a heart attack to open a blocked artery. It is done quickly to minimize the damage to the heart muscles. The symptoms associated with blocked arteries – such as chest pain and shortness of breath can be improved by angioplasty.
Angioplasty is a preferred mode of treatment for you, if lifestyle modifications and medications are not offering any relief from the worsening symptoms of heart disease. Which means, your angina or chest pain augment and you may also experience shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing. In case of a heart attack, angioplasty can be a life saver as it quickly helps in opening up a blocked artery by minimizing the damage to the heart muscles.
Echocardiography helps in creating moving pictures of the internal structures of the heart. It is a harmless and painless procedure. An echocardiogram helps an interventional cardiologist to identify heart disease by assessing and evaluating the changes in the size and shape of the heart, working of the heart chambers, its valves and beating of the heart.
A cardiologist orders an echocardiogram or echo test to check the structure of your heart and to know whether the heart’s functions are normal.
The test is done to determine the size, shape movement and thickness of the heart muscles and walls.
You may need an echocardiogram if your doctor wants to know the problems with the chambers or the valves of your heart.
Echocardiogram helps in detecting the issues of the large blood vessels that enter and leave the heart.
Echocardiography for detecting congenital abnormalities: To know whether the heart issues are due to defects in the heart before birth (congenital heart defects). To know whether the heart chambers have abnormal holes in the heart. The test is known as foetal echocardiogram.
An Interventional cardiologist orders an echocardiogram to check heart’s pumping ability and strength; and the functions of the heart valves.
The test may also be recommended to check whether blood is leaking backwards (regurgitation) through the heart valves; if stenosis (narrowing of heart valves) is present; whether an infectious disease or tumour has grown around the heart valves.
Echocardiogram will also help your doctor to find out blood clots in the chambers of the heart; issues in the pericardium the membrane of your heart.
When the heart tissue responsible for generating regular electrical stimulus is damaged – the heart muscles’ contraction gets disturbed – owing to which the heart stops pumping blood effectively. When the heart stops pumping blood, then within a few minutes’ death occurs. This is known as sudden cardiac death due to cardiac arrest. This happens when the heart’s electrical signals go haywire or become erratic (abnormal arrhythmias).
Rapid pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with an electric shock by using a defibrillator is an indispensable procedure for restoring the organized electrical activity of the heart and effective pumping ability. It is a life-saving procedure for those having a massive cardiac arrest.
Avoid refined sugars and fats – cakes, pastries and sweats – instead eat complex sugars rich pasta, whole-wheat grain and whole rice.
Avoid red meat, saturated fats, sodas, sweats, soft drinks and caffeinated beverages.